Gasoline and diesel make up this category, which is focused on fueling household vehicles. These liquid fuels are distinct from home fuels because they are rarely delivered to your home or consumed inside the house. The carbon dioxide forms when these fuels are burned. Its contribution to your household carbon footprint begins before you fill your tank.
At the crude oil refinery, the liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons are separated into many different products, including the gasoline and diesel used as transportation fuels and fuel oil used in some North Dakota homes for space heating.
Refineries emit CO2 as they burn hydrocarbons to supply energy for the refinery processes. They also remove and release the naturally occuring CO2 gas that may be present in the crude oil.
Trucks, trains, and/or pipelines might be involved in transporting crude oil to the refinery. The fossil fuels used in transport, those burned during processing, and the release of natural CO2 gas all contribute to your household carbon footprint.
Energy from fossil fuels is used to transport the raw corn and soybeans to the processing plants. Fossil fuels also provide energy for processing the source material into biofuel. Both contribute to the CO2 footprint of biofuels.
North Dakota has one biodiesel manufacturing plant and five corn ethanol plants.
Developed for the North Dakota Department of Commerce Division of Community Services with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy