Gasoline and diesel make up this category, which is focused on fueling household vehicles. These liquid fuels are distinct from home fuels because they are rarely delivered to your home or consumed inside the house. The carbon dioxide forms when these fuels are burned. Its contribution to your household carbon footprint begins before you fill your tank.
The gasoline and diesel are transported from the refinery to distribution hubs by pipeline.1 This is the most carbon-efficient way to transport liquids.
Ethanol and biodiesel are transported from the biorefinery to distribution hubs by truck or rail. The diesel powering these vehicles contributes to the carbon footprint of biofuels.
1www.pipeline101.com/Why-Do-We-Need-Pipelines/Refined-Products-Pipelines (accessed July 13, 2015).
At the hub, petroleum-based gasoline and diesel may be blended with ethanol or biodiesel, respectively, before being taken by truck to fueling stations. Most gasoline in North Dakota contains 10% ethanol but higher blends are available at select stations.1 Biodiesel is available from select vendors.2
locations.html (accessed July 13, 2015).
2biodiesel.org/using-biodiesel/finding-biodiesel/retail-locations/retail-map#map (accessed July 13, 2015).
Developed for the North Dakota Department of Commerce Division of Community Services with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy