Natural gas, propane, fuel oil, and wood/biomass make up the “home fuels” category, which is all about nonelectrical sources of heat inside the home. For homes with nonelectrical appliances, these fuels are burned on-site to heat interior space and water, cook food, and dry clothes. The carbon dioxide forms when these fuels are burned. Its contribution to your household carbon footprint begins before it arrives at your home.



Pipelines transport the various purified hydrocarbons individually from processing plants to regional distribution centers.

Fossil fuels power compressors that keep home fuels flowing through the pipelines. Even though this adds to your household carbon footprint, pipelines are the most carbon-efficient (and safest) way to transport these fuels.

Natural gas is delivered via a network of distribution pipes to individual households.

Propane, fuel oil, and kerosene are delivered by truck to household storage tanks.

Wood is transported by truck and sold by independent vendors.

The fossil fuels consumed in the delivery adds to your household carbon footprint.

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Developed for the North Dakota Department of Commerce Division of Community Services with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy