Cutting-Edge Solutions for CO2
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a by-product of energy production. With the growing concern that the accumulation of CO2 and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere from human activity may affect global climate and impending policy and regulations to restrict CO2 emissions, we're working to develop solutions.
We're the ideal applied research partner for companies seeking to invest in carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS). CCUS provides a proven option for energy and industrial companies seeking to combine greenhouse gas mitigation with operations, creating market advantages and opportunities for the sale or use of captured carbon dioxide. We have a successful record in the design and deployment of CCUS technologies, including projects at industrial scale, forming effective partnerships with industry.
We have the unique equipment and expertise to evaluate and develop CO2 capture systems. Several of our highly adaptable small pilot systems are able to produce combustion flue gas and gasification syngas from virtually any fuel (all coal ranks, liquids, and gases) for testing of postcombustion and precombustion CO2 capture and separation technologies. To date, the EERC is the only research center in the world to build, test, move, and reassemble a pilot-scale carbon capture and separation unit twice.
- Testing at the EERC developed the data needed for ION Engineering’s successful proposal to demonstrate its CO2 capture solvent at the National Carbon Capture Center.
- Work at the EERC advanced Aspen process simulations to advance heat integration of carbon capture at existing facilities.
- Data collected for Neumann Systems Group led to the successful scale-up and demonstration of its novel nozzle technology for CO2 absorption at the Martin Drake Power Plant, Colorado Springs, Colorado.
- Work at the EERC aided in the advancement of Hitachi’s H3-1 solvent and Shell Cansolv’s sulfur-capturing amine.
The EERC has been a member of the International Test Center Network (ITCN) and was involved as a stakeholder advisor for the Carbon Capture Simulation for Industry Impact (CCSI2).
Carbon Capture Utilization & Storage
We conduct applied research at all stages of CO2 geological storage projects, from regional assessments to detailed site appraisals, in support of carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) deployment. Expertise and extensive experience encompass both associated storage, incidental to enhanced oil recovery (EOR) operations, and dedicated storage in deep saline formations. Our capabilities also extend to potential storage in unconventional oil and gas reservoirs and other subsurface scenarios, such as deep unminable coal seams.
Our work in carbon storage over the last 15 years been essential to understanding the challenges that face commercial-scale CCUS and identifying methods and solutions that will contribute to safe and successful operation of large-scale projects in the future.
CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery
We conduct multidisciplinary research to determine and demonstrate the potential for CO2-based EOR and associated storage in the unconventional tight Bakken petroleum system, which has the potential to produce over 600 billion barrels of oil. We developed an innovative method to determine the ability of CO2 to permeate the Bakken's tight formation and mobilize oil, yielding new insight into the chemical and physical mechanisms of CO2 storage and EOR in these types of formations.
In partnership with XTO Energy/ExxonMobil, we conducted a pilot-scale field test in which CO2 was injected into a Bakken tight oil reservoir. The test was a first-of-its-kind injection into a vertical, unstimulated Bakken well, demonstrating the ability of CO2 to permeate unstimulated tight oil matrix and mobilize oil.
With the support of Denbury Resources Inc. (Denbury), the EERC successfully completed the integrated technical assessment of five million tons of associated storage at Denbury’s Bell Creek Field as part of the Plains CO2 Reduction Partnership (PCOR). This collaboration has facilitated the ongoing field assessment of several innovative technologies through PCOR and multiple separately funded projects. Denbury continues to support PCOR in the advancement of EOR technology to foster CCUS deployment.
- Pilot-scale testing of CO2 capture technologies
- Technical support for large-scale CO2 capture demonstrations
- Proven adaptive management approach for the deployment of CO2 storage, both in deep saline formations and associated with EOR
- Expertise to develop cost-effective technical programs:
- Site characterization
- Monitoring, verification, and accounting (MVA)
- Reservoir and process chemistry modeling and simulation
- Risk assessment and risk management
- Implementation of field services: vendor identification and selection, project planning, data acquisition and support, and fully integrated interpretation of data and results
- Life cycle analysis of CCUS projects, including with CO2 EOR
The preeminent knowledge center focused on implementation of carbon management and CCUS.
Ensuring the availability of affordable, reliable, and clean energy as the world seeks to reduce its carbon footprint.
Assessing the feasibility of commercial-scale geologic storage of carbon dioxide to manage CO2 emissions captured from coal-based energy facilities.